(Olea europaea subsp. africana)
The Wild Olive (Olea europaea subsp. africana), related to the commercial Olive tree, is a glossy grey-green evergreen tree with minuscule white flowers. The fruit that follows is popular with a variety of wildlife: monkeys, mongooses, warthogs, and many birds (like Grey Go Away Birds, African Green Pigeons, and Dark-Capped Bulbuls). If you plant this tree in your garden, you’ll certainly be encouraging the biodiversity of the area. The tree will attract pollinators like butterflies and bees too!
Being resistant to frost, drought, wind, and fire, Wild Olives are extremely hardy. This makes them good natural breaks and barriers. In some cases, these trees are used to help stabilise eroded landscapes due to their aggressive root system. Farmers also like this tree as it’s considered good fodder for livestock and game.
On top of this, the dense wood makes excellent furniture, kitchen utensils, fence posts for farms, pipes, or decorative carved ornaments.